- An Indian cuisine. A rice dish made with marinated meat or fish. When the Biryani Boys are hungry for Biryani, they head straight out to Hyderabad!
Alap - The opening out and spreading of the substance of a raga. It is often the opening section played in which the musician improvises in a manner best expressing the nature and spirit of the raga played. It is played without percussion accompaniment.
Baj, Baaj, or Baaz - a style of playing, different from the gharānā. Two main styles developed, Purbi Baj and Dilli Baj. Dilli, or Delhi, baj is the *style of bols and playing that originated in the city of Delhi. Purbi (meaning "eastern") developed in the area east of delhi. Both have different ways to play bols.
Bāyāñ or Duggi- The metal drum providing the bass notes in tabla.
Bhajan - Tune of devotional quality.
Bol - both mnemonic syllables and a series of notes produced when stroked. E.g. Na, tin, Dha, Dhin, Ge, Ke, etc.
Chutta - the cushions used when placing the tabla.
Dayan or Tabla - The wooden drum providing the treble notes in tabla
Ear Tug - The ear tug is an action seen in the Indian music community that acknowledges a Pandit/Ustad when the name of said artist/master is spoken/heard.
Dadra Taal - Taal is a time cycle. Dadra is a six beat time cycle.
Gat - The musical figure on which instrumental music is built. All musical instruments have a vocabulary upon which this these gats are built.
Gharana - Any of the six schools (Punjab, Delhi, Ajrara, Lucknow, Farukhabad.
Ghatta - Wooden dowels used to control the tension.
Hindu Gods and Goddesses - Rada, Krishna, Saraswati, Ganesh, Krishna, Shiva and Kali.
Khali - off or no claps.
Keenar - the outer ring of skin on the head of each of the two tabla drums. In Hindi, known as the chat.
Kirtan - devotional artistic performance in song, music or theatre.
Kya Baat Hai - A hindi expression of praise and appreciation.
Lay (or Laya) - tempo.
Namaste - A spiritual gesture of recognition taking spoken and physical expression. The Biryani Boys salute all the masters of music and the students who strive to become more accomplished under their guidance.
Pandit - A title, used as a prefix to identify one as an accomplished and recognized Hindu scholar or teacher. Pandit or Panditji are both used to as a title of respect and devotion for Indian music teachers and mentors. Ustad or Ustadji is used in place for Muslim guru's or teachers.
The Biryani Boys pay deepest respect and appreciation to our guru's, Sri Prasanna Kumar, Pandit Manilal Nag, Ustad Shabbir Nisar and Sri Nari Uday Kumar.
Raga - constitutes the basis of Indian classical music. Neither a scale or mode but an expression or spirit of a music played. This music, or rag, is derived from an ascending and descending note pattern.
Rela - a sort of rapid drum-roll.
Riyaz - In the Urdu language, Riyaz is a term used express extended periods of intensive music practice.
Sam - the first beat of a tāl.
Shabash - Hindi expression of a job well done.
Sitar - One of the most popular Indian music instruments.
Sri - A prefix/postfix added to someone's name connoting love and respect.
Sur - The area between the gaab and the keenar. In Hindi, known as the maidan.
Syahi - the black spots on the tabla, also called gab. Composed of a dried paste derived from iron filings and applied in several separate layers to the head of the drum.
Tala (or Tāl) - rhythm cycle; meter. Example: Dadra Tala, Ada Chautal, Teental, and the most common, Keherwa.
Tabla - The most popular percussion instrument of Hindustani music.
Tāli - clap.
Theka - a standard series of bols that form the rhythmic basis of tabla accompaniment for a given tala.
Vibhag - Taal division.